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Wooden churches in Transcarpathia

 

The local wooden churches are the masterpieces of the Transcarpathian church architecture. The wooden churches were built without iron nails, and they are still stable.  A belfry was usually erected for the bell near the church. Most of the wooden churches are located at the edge of the village on a hill. Red spruce was the most commonly used wood thanks to it high resin content, which withstand to the weather conditions. To protect the wood from rottening, the churches were covered with shingles. There were different sizes and forms of the shingles. The edges of the roof, the belfry and the cupola were decorated with them.

The wooden churches are classified according to the name of the Ruthenian ethnic groups:

  • the Bojko type wooden church – it consists of three parts (hall, nave, sanctuary), the nave is larger than the hall and the sanctuary. There is a tower above the hall, while the nave and the sanctuary inside are covered with a cupola.

 

  • the Lemko type wooden church – it is covered with double roof with onion shape dome. It is longitudinal with pillared porch.

 

  • the Hutsul type wooden church – Greek cross ground plan. It is covered with tent-roof with onion shape tower.

The representatives of the Maramures type wooden churches can be found in the region as well.  These churches have longitudinal sanctuary and wider nave. They are covered with double tent-roof. The Baroque style, which was wide-spread in the 18th centuary, can be observed in the Transcarpathian wooden church architecture too.

There are 60 historic wooden churches in the region. This number is only a fraction of the former wooden churches.

 
 
 
 
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( 2015.04.06.)


 

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